An Italian/American artist Arturo di Monica placed this bronze bull of 2.5 tons weight, to everyone's surprise secretely in the night of 5 July 2012 in front of the Amsterdam Bourse. Di Monica (71) had put in 1989 the same sculpture at the New York Stock Exchange. He did so without a license, as is already happening in Amsterdam. The bull in New York is still there and is a landmark now.
The artist chose a bull in the financial district, because attacking with his head down, after which the victim is thrown, the same movement as do the prices on the stock market up. His message to Europe, which is in an economic downturn : Think positive, we must fight.
The sculpture has been moved already a few meters on the square once by the city district despite its weight and it still is not certain it will stay here. The square will be renovated very soon so it has to move again which costs lots of money.